Cerebrospinal fluid levels of orexin-A and histamine, and sleep profile within the Alzheimer process

To better understand how sleep/wake dysregulation affects Alzheimer's disease (AD), we compared the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) orexin and histamine/tele-methylhistamine (HA/t-MHA) levels of 82 patients (41 probable-AD-high level of evidence, 41 mild cognitive impairment MCI-due-to-AD), 24 other neurologic disorders (OND) and 24 controls. We determined the relationships between these biomarkers, the CSF AD biomarkers concentrations, and the clinical sleep profile. CSF orexin-A but not HA/t-MHA levels were higher in MCI and AD than OND and controls. CSF orexin-A is correlated to CSF amyloid-beta42in MCI and AD, independently of age, gender, MMSE, total-tau/phosphorylated-tau, HA or sleep parameters. Nighttime sleep duration was longer in MCI and AD patients than controls. In MCI, nighttime sleep duration negatively correlated with CSF amyloid-beta42 and MMSE. To conclude, CSF orexin-A but not HA/t-HMA was upregulated in AD and correlated with amyloid-beta42 level. Our data suggested a change in the sleep-wake pattern at an early stage of the disease that needs further investigation to deeply explain the mechanistic interplay between sleep and Alzheimer.

  • Gabelle A
  • Jaussent I
  • Hirtz C
  • Vialaret J
  • Navucet S
  • Grasselli C
  • Robert P
  • Lehmann S
  • Dauvilliers Y


  • Neurobiol Aging
Jan 18;53():59-66